"accented characters in mysql table" Code Answer


I experienced that same problem before, and what I did are the following

1) Use notepad++(can almost adapt on any encoding) or eclipse and be sure in to save or open it in UTF-8 without BOM.

2) set the encoding in PHP header, using header('Content-type: text/html; charset=UTF-8');

3) remove any extra spaces on the start and end of my PHP files.

4) set all my table and columns encoding to utf8mb4_general_ci or utf8mb4_unicode_ci via PhpMyAdmin or any mySQL client you have. A comparison of the two encodings are available here

5) set mysql connection charset to UTF-8 (I use PDO for my database connection )


or just execute the SQL queries before fetching any data

6) use a meta tag <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"/>

7) use a certain language code for French <meta http-equiv="Content-language" content="fr" />

8) change the html element lang attribute to the desired language

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="fr" lang="fr">

and will be updating this more because I really had a hard time solving this problem before because I was dealing with Japanese characters in my past projects

9) Some fonts are not available in the client PC, you need to use Google fonts to include it on your CSS

10) Don't end your PHP source file with ?>


but if everything I said above doesn't work, try to adjust your encoding depending on the character-set you really want to display, for me I set everything to SHIFT-JIS to display all my japanese characters and it really works fine. But using UFT-8 must be your priority

By GregWW on October 24 2022

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