Asked  2 Years ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   84 times

I currently use Zend_Db to manage my queries. I've written already code that preforms queries like the one below:

                   ->where('first_name=?', $id)
                   ->where('last_name=?', $lname)

I've done this without sanitizing the input, assuming Zend_Db will. Does Zend do this?

Another question: Does Zend_Db sanitize insert('table', $data) and update queries?




I wrote a lot of the code for database parameters and quoting in Zend Framework while I was the team lead for the project (up to version 1.0).

I tried to encourage best practices where possible, but I had to strike a balance with ease of use.

Note that you can always examine the string value of a Zend_Db_Select object, to see how it has decided to do quoting.

print $select; // invokes __toString() method

Also you can use the Zend_Db_Profiler to inspect the SQL that is run on your behalf by Zend_Db.

$db->update( ... );
print $db->getProfiler()->getLastQueryProfile()->getQuery(); 
print_r $db->getProfiler()->getLastQueryProfile()->getQueryParams(); 

Here are some answers to your specific questions:

  • Zend_Db_Select::where('last_name=?', $lname)

    Values are quoted appropriately. Although the "?" looks like a parameter placeholder, in this method the argument is actually quoted appropriately and interpolated. So it's not a true query parameter. In fact, the following two statements produce exactly the same query as the above usage:

    $select->where( $db->quoteInto('last_name=?', $lname) );
    $select->where( 'last_name=' . $db->quote($lname) );

    However, if you pass a parameter that is an object of type Zend_Db_Expr, then it's not quoted. You're responsible for SQL injection risks, because it's interpolated verbatim, to support expression values:

    $select->where('last_modified < ?', new Zend_Db_Expr('NOW()'))

    Any other part of that expression that needs to be quoted or delimited is your responsibility. E.g., if you interpolate any PHP variables into the expression, safety is your responsibility. If you have column names that are SQL keywords, you need to delimit them yourself with quoteIdentifier(). Example:

    $select->where($db->quoteIdentifier('order').'=?', $myVariable)
  • Zend_Db_Adapter_Abstract::insert( array('colname' => 'value') )

    Table name and column names are delimited, unless you turn off AUTO_QUOTE_IDENTIFIERS.

    Values are parameterized as true query parameters (not interpolated). Unless the value is a Zend_Db_Expr object, in which case it's interpolated verbatim, so you can insert expressions or NULL or whatever.

  • Zend_Db_Adapter_Abstract::update( array('colname' => 'value'), $where )

    Table name and column names are delimited, unless you turn off AUTO_QUOTE_IDENTIFIERS.

    Values are parameterized, unless they are Zend_Db_Expr objects, as in insert() method.

    The $where argument is not filtered at all, so you're responsible for any SQL injection risks in that one. You can make use of the quoteInto() method to help make quoting more convenient.

Tuesday, December 20, 2022

You can run direct sql, using $db->query(); yours would simply be:

$results = $db->query("SELECT A.SOMETHING 
        B.TABLE_A_ID AS ID 
        FROM B 
        WHERE TABLE_C_ID = ?
)", $id);

EDIT: To answer whether this can be done with the object notation, yes:

$sub_select = $zdb->select()
                  ->from("b", array("table_a_id AS id"))
                  ->where("table_c_id = ?", 'a');
$select = $zdb->select()
              ->from("a", array("something"))
              ->where("id NOT IN ?", $sub_select);
print $select->__toString();


SELECT `a`.`something` FROM `a`
    (SELECT `b`.`table_a_id` AS `id` FROM `b` WHERE (table_c_id = 'a')))
Wednesday, August 17, 2022

At least use the quote method...

if ($cities) {
    $query .= sprintf('WHERE city IN (%s)', implode(',', array_map(array($db, 'quote'), $cities)));

or, ideally, construct the query with Zend_Db_Select...

$select = $db->select()->from('user', 'name');

if ($cities) {
  foreach ($cities as $city) {
        $select->orWhere('city = ?', $city);
Sunday, November 13, 2022

It's not really a programming question, but it's a quick one so let me answer that. MySQL Workbench's themes are a collection of colors for certain main parts of the application. It is planned to allow customizing them in a later version. In order to get a dark theme as one of the templates please file a feature request at But keep in mind, not every UI element is colored according to the Workbench theme, e.g. text boxes still stay white as they use the Windows standard colors.

Monday, September 12, 2022

you can use from_unixtime like

date_format(from_unixtime(t2.`time`), '%Y-%m')=date_format(now(), '%Y-%m')

But I think data type integer is not so suitable for this requirement

I would think using datetime will be more suitable, built an index on this column and this also make the filtering easier, like

t2.`time`>='2011-01-01' and t2.`time`<'2011-02-01'


date_format(t2.`time`, '%Y-%m')=date_format(now(), '%Y-%m')
Sunday, December 18, 2022
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