Asked  2 Years ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   52 times

I am given a page url like 'http://abc.com/test.php?a=1&b=2&c=3'. Now I have been told to change the value of b to 5 so that it becomes 'http://abc.com/test.php?a=1&b=5&c=3'.

i.e change from http://abc.com/test.php?a=1&b=2&c=3 to http://abc.com/test.php?a=1&b=5&c=3

Note: variable b here can refer to any name.

 Answers

1

Use

  • parse_url() to extract the query string from the URL

  • parse_str() to split the query string into an array

  • array_merge() to add a new array "b" => 5

  • http_build_query() to re-build a query string

  • The remaining parts from the first step (protocol, host, path...) to re-build the full URL or - if you have the HTTP pecl extension - a http_build_url() with HTTP_URL_JOIN_QUERY will alleviate much of the work.

Wednesday, October 26, 2022
2

Here is how the referred code example supposed to work:

product-category.php

<?php
define( 'INCLUDE_DIR', dirname( __FILE__ ) . '/' );

$rules = array( 
    'redirect-category'  => "/product-category\.php\?cat_id=(?'category'\d+)"
);

$uri = $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];
$uri = urldecode( $uri );

foreach ( $rules as $action => $rule ) {
    if ( preg_match( '#'.$rule.'#', $uri, $params ) ) {
        include( INCLUDE_DIR . $action . '.php' );
        exit();
    }
}

redirect-category.php

<?php
$categories = array(
    2 => 'men-items'
);
header("Location: " . preg_replace( '#'.$rule.'#', "/product_category/{$categories[$params['category']]}/", $uri ));
Monday, September 26, 2022
 
vu_anh
 
2

You can try something like this:

$test = preg_replace(
    '~/w+/([w-]+)/?type=(w+)~i',
    '/$2/$1/',
    '/technic/k-700/?type=repair'
);
var_dump($test);

The result will be:

string(14) "/repair/k-700/"
Sunday, November 13, 2022
 
1

Edit: As explained by Beta in the other answer, it is possible.


No. There is no way to do this in the Makefile. You can however change the value of a variable on the make command line. If you rewrite your Makefile as follows:

ERLCFLAGS += $(ERLCFLAGSADDED)

%.erl: %.beam
    $(ERLC) $(ERLCFLAGS) -o ebin $<

test: clean compile compile_test

Then, you can invoke make to perform your tests using:

make ERLCFLAGSADDED=-DTEST test
Thursday, October 20, 2022
 
2

In some cases it is possible to get local variable addresses using HotSpot Serviceability Agent. I've made a sample agent that prints extended stack traces with local variable info:

import sun.jvm.hotspot.code.Location;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.code.LocationValue;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.code.NMethod;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.code.ScopeValue;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.code.VMRegImpl;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.debugger.Address;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.debugger.OopHandle;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.interpreter.OopMapCacheEntry;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.oops.Method;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.oops.Oop;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.runtime.CompiledVFrame;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.runtime.InterpretedVFrame;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.runtime.JavaThread;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.runtime.JavaVFrame;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.runtime.VM;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.runtime.VMReg;
import sun.jvm.hotspot.tools.Tool;

import java.util.List;

public class Frames extends Tool {

    @Override
    public void run() {
        for (JavaThread thread = VM.getVM().getThreads().first(); thread != null; thread = thread.next()) {
            System.out.println(thread.getThreadName() + ", id = " + thread.getOSThread().threadId());
            for (JavaVFrame vf = thread.getLastJavaVFrameDbg(); vf != null; vf = vf.javaSender()) {
                dumpFrame(vf);
            }
            System.out.println();
        }
    }

    private void dumpFrame(JavaVFrame vf) {
        Method method = vf.getMethod();
        String className = method.getMethodHolder().getName().asString().replace('/', '.');
        String methodName = method.getName().asString() + method.getSignature().asString();
        System.out.println("  # " + className + '.' + methodName + " @ " + vf.getBCI());

        if (vf.isCompiledFrame()) {
            dumpCompiledFrame(((CompiledVFrame) vf));
        } else {
            dumpInterpretedFrame(((InterpretedVFrame) vf));
        }
    }

    private void dumpCompiledFrame(CompiledVFrame vf) {
        if (vf.getScope() == null) {
            return;
        }

        NMethod nm = vf.getCode();
        System.out.println("    * code=[" + nm.codeBegin() + "-" + nm.codeEnd() + "], pc=" + vf.getFrame().getPC());

        List locals = vf.getScope().getLocals();
        for (int i = 0; i < locals.size(); i++) {
            ScopeValue sv = (ScopeValue) locals.get(i);
            if (!sv.isLocation()) continue;

            Location loc = ((LocationValue) sv).getLocation();
            Address addr = null;
            String regName = "";

            if (loc.isRegister()) {
                int reg = loc.getRegisterNumber();
                addr = vf.getRegisterMap().getLocation(new VMReg(reg));
                regName = ":" + VMRegImpl.getRegisterName(reg);
            } else if (loc.isStack() && !loc.isIllegal()) {
                addr = vf.getFrame().getUnextendedSP().addOffsetTo(loc.getStackOffset());
            }

            String value = getValue(addr, loc.getType());
            System.out.println("    [" + i + "] " + addr + regName + " = " + value);
        }
    }

    private void dumpInterpretedFrame(InterpretedVFrame vf) {
        Method method = vf.getMethod();
        int locals = (int) (method.isNative() ? method.getSizeOfParameters() : method.getMaxLocals());
        OopMapCacheEntry oopMask = method.getMaskFor(vf.getBCI());

        for (int i = 0; i < locals; i++) {
            Address addr = vf.getFrame().addressOfInterpreterFrameLocal(i);
            String value = getValue(addr, oopMask.isOop(i) ? Location.Type.OOP : Location.Type.NORMAL);
            System.out.println("    [" + i + "] " + addr + " = " + value);
        }
    }

    private String getValue(Address addr, Location.Type type) {
        if (type == Location.Type.INVALID || addr == null) {
            return "(invalid)";
        } else if (type == Location.Type.OOP) {
            return "(oop) " + getOopName(addr.getOopHandleAt(0));
        } else if (type == Location.Type.NARROWOOP) {
            return "(narrow_oop) " + getOopName(addr.getCompOopHandleAt(0));
        } else if (type == Location.Type.NORMAL) {
            return "(int) 0x" + Integer.toHexString(addr.getJIntAt(0));
        } else {
            return "(" + type + ") 0x" + Long.toHexString(addr.getJLongAt(0));
        }
    }

    private String getOopName(OopHandle hadle) {
        if (hadle == null) {
            return "null";
        }
        Oop oop = VM.getVM().getObjectHeap().newOop(hadle);
        return oop.getKlass().getName().asString();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        new Frames().execute(args);
    }
}

To run it:

java -cp $JAVA_HOME/lib/sa-jdi.jar:. Frames PID

This will attach to Java process PID and print the stacktraces like

main, id = 30920
  # java.lang.Thread.sleep(J)V @ 0
  # Test.main([Ljava/lang/String;)V @ 15
    [0] 0x00007f075a857918 = (oop) [Ljava/lang/String;
    [1] 0x00007f075a857910 = (int) 0x1
    [2] 0x00007f075a857908 = (int) 0x0

Here main is Java thread name; 30920 is native thread ID; @ 15 is bytecode index.

The line [1] 0x00007f075a857910 = (int) 0x1 means that the local variable #1 is located at address 0x00007f075a857910 and has the value 1. This is exactly the variable you are interested in.

The local variable information is reliable for interpreted methods, but not always for compiled methods. However, compiled methods will have an extra line with an address of the code, so you can disassemble and inspect it in gdb.

Tuesday, December 27, 2022
 
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