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Is there a way to convert an integer to a string in PHP?



You can use the strval() function to convert a number to a string.

From a maintenance perspective its obvious what you are trying to do rather than some of the other more esoteric answers. Of course, it depends on your context.

$var = 5;

// Inline variable parsing
echo "I'd like {$var} waffles"; // = I'd like 5 waffles

// String concatenation 
echo "I'd like ".$var." waffles"; // I'd like 5 waffles

// The two examples above have the same end value...
// ... And so do the two below

// Explicit cast 
$items = (string)$var; // $items === "5";

// Function call
$items = strval($var); // $items === "5";
Friday, September 23, 2022

CStr(45) is all you need (the Convert String function)

Sunday, August 7, 2022

Type casting is treating a value (block of memory) referenced by a variable as being of a different type than the type the variable is declared as.

Type conversion is actually performing a conversion of that value.

In many languages, some casts (usually numeric ones) do result in conversions (this will vary quite a bit by language), but mostly it's just "treat this X as a Y".

Like most aspects of human language, unfortunately the terms are used slightly differently in different communities, mostly along language lines. For instance, see James' comment below about C++ — the word "cast" there has a much broader meaning than the above definition, which is more in the C or Java mold. And just to make things fun, the Java Language Spec actually gets into various kinds of casts, including casting conversions. But the above is a good rule of thumb.

But to take a simple case:

In Java, prior to generics it wasn't unusual to have to do a lot of typecasting when dealing with maps:

Map m = new HashMap();
m.put("one", "uno");

// This would give a compiler error, because although we know
// we'll get a String back, all the compiler knows is that it's
// an Object
String italian = m.get("one");

// This works, we're telling the compiler "trust me, it's a String"
String italian = (String)m.get("one");

Fortunately, the addition of generics addressed this, as casting in this way tends to be a fragile process with maintenance issues.

In contrast, you'd convert if you had a String of digits:

String s = "1234";

...and needed to know what number those digits represented in decimal:

// Wrong (cast)
int n = (int)s;

// Right (conversion)
int n = Integer.parseInt(s, 10);
Friday, October 21, 2022

The following is probably not the neatest way, but it works:

1> lists:flatten(io_lib:format("~p", [35365])).

EDIT: I've found that the following function comes in useful:

%% string_format/2
%% Like io:format except it returns the evaluated string rather than write
%% it to standard output.
%% Parameters:
%%   1. format string similar to that used by io:format.
%%   2. list of values to supply to format string.
%% Returns:
%%   Formatted string.
string_format(Pattern, Values) ->
    lists:flatten(io_lib:format(Pattern, Values)).

EDIT 2 (in response to comments): the above function came from a small program I wrote a while back to learn Erlang. I was looking for a string-formatting function and found the behaviour of io_lib:format/2 within erl counter-intuitive, for example:

1> io_lib:format("2 + 2 = ~p", [2+2]).

At the time, I was unaware of the 'auto-flattening' behaviour of output devices mentioned by @archaelus and so concluded that the above behaviour wasn't what I wanted.

This evening, I went back to this program and replaced calls to the string_format function above with io_lib:format. The only problems this caused were a few EUnit tests that failed because they were expecting a flattened string. These were easily fixed.

I agree with @gleber and @womble that using this function is overkill for converting an integer to a string. If that's all you need, use integer_to_list/1. KISS!

Monday, September 5, 2022
var_dump(0 == "string");

is doing a numeric (integer) comparison

0 is an integer, so "string" is converted to an integer to do the comparison, and equates to an integer value of 0, so 0 == 0 is true

Se the comparison with various types table in the PHP documentation for details

Sunday, September 11, 2022
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