Asked  2 Years ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   66 times

I read somewhere that the isset() function treats an empty string as TRUE, therefore isset() is not an effective way to validate text inputs and text boxes from a HTML form.

So you can use empty() to check that a user typed something.

  1. Is it true that the isset() function treats an empty string as TRUE?

  2. Then in which situations should I use isset()? Should I always use !empty() to check if there is something?

For example instead of


Using this




isset vs. !empty


"isset() checks if a variable has a value including (False, 0 or empty string), but not NULL. Returns TRUE if var exists; FALSE otherwise.

On the other hand the empty() function checks if the variable has an empty value empty string, 0, NULL or False. Returns FALSE if var has a non-empty and non-zero value."

Friday, September 16, 2022

Being a superglobal, $_FILES is presumably always set, regardless whether an uploaded file exists or not.

Check for the file upload(s) you would expect and look at the size field. (Apparently according to the User Contributed Notes in the manual, if the form contains the upload element, it is possible that even isset($_FILES["my_file_name"]) will return true even though there was no file selected.

This should work reliably:

if($_POST['type'] == 'photo' && 
   ((isset($_FILES["my_file_name"]["size"]) && 
    ($_FILES["my_file_name"]["size"] > 0)) ){

(the isset() is to prevent a "undefined index" notice.)

What do you do this for, by the way?:

Saturday, November 19, 2022

The issue with the second method is that it will result in an error when error reporting is set to E_STRICT. For example:

Strict standards: Non-static method Foo::bar() should not be called statically in /home/yacoby/dev/php/test.php on line 10

A point with PHP6 is that the E_STRICT errors are moved to E_ALL. In other words E_ALL will cover all errors including not allowing you to call non static methods statically.

An alternative method may be to move the validation logic to a static function. That way the non static function and the static function can call the validation logic.

Tuesday, August 23, 2022

String characters can be referenced by their offset using syntax like $a[0] for the first character, e.g.

$string = 'Hello';
echo $string[1];  // echoes 'e'

so PHP is recognising that $a is a string; casting your 'b' to a numeric (which casts to a 0), and trying to test isset on $a[0], which is the first character a

Though it should also throw an illegal offset 'b' warning if you have errors enabled


$a = 'a';
echo isset($a['b']), PHP_EOL;
echo $a['b'];

PHP 5.3


PHP 5.4

Warning: Illegal string offset 'b' in /Projects/test/a10.php on line 6

PHP 5.5

PHP Warning:  Illegal string offset 'b' in /Projects/test/a10.php on line 6

Warning: Illegal string offset 'b' in /Projects/test/a10.php on line 6
Sunday, December 4, 2022

Use properties everywhere. Don't even declare instance variables, but synthesize them like this: @synthesize myProperty = _myProperty in order to differentiate them from property names. Properties are good way to cope with memory management as well. The only place you must use the synthesized instance variable is in the dealloc method.
The advantages of the properties are a lot:
- The accessor methods define how will you get and set the value of your instance variable.
- You can customize the accessor methods (for example to lazy instantiate an ivar or do something when a setting a new value like setNeedsDisplay.
- You don't cope with memory management when setting a new value - the setter takes care for releasing/retaining (depending how have you declared the property - retain/copy/assign/strong.
- Some multithreading stuff with the atomic/nonatomic attributes
- You can take advantage of the KVO, when using properties
- And least, but not last - don't worry about performance issues if you have concernes that every time a getter or a setter is called...

Wednesday, November 9, 2022
Only authorized users can answer the search term. Please sign in first, or register a free account.
Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged :

Browse Other Code Languages