Asked  2 Years ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   69 times

I Have a MySQL query that is being generated by a PHP script, the query will look something like this:

SELECT * FROM Recipe_Data WHERE 404_Without_200 = 0 AND Failures_Without_Success = 0 AND RHD_No IN (10, 24, 34, 41, 43, 51, 57, 59, 61, 67, 84, 90, 272, 324, 402, 405, 414, 498, 500, 501, 510, 559, 562, 595, 632, 634, 640, 643, 647, 651, 703, 714, 719, 762, 765, 776, 796, 812, 814, 815, 822, 848, 853, 855, 858, 866, 891, 920, 947, 956, 962, 968, 1049, 1054, 1064, 1065, 1070, 1100, 1113, 1119, 1130, 1262, 1287, 1292, 1313, 1320, 1327, 1332, 1333, 1335, 1340, 1343, 1344, 1346, 1349, 1352, 1358, 1362, 1365, 1482, 1495, 1532, 1533, 1537, 1549, 1550, 1569, 1571, 1573, 1574, 1596, 1628, 1691, 1714, 1720, 1735, 1755, 1759, 1829, 1837, 1844, 1881, 1919, 2005, 2022, 2034, 2035, 2039, 2054, 2076, 2079, 2087, 2088, 2089, 2090, 2091, 2092, 2154, 2155, 2156, 2157, 2160, 2162, 2164, 2166, 2169, 2171, 2174, 2176, 2178, 2179, 2183, 2185, 2186, 2187, 2201, 2234, 2236, 2244, 2245, 2250, 2255, 2260, 2272, 2280, 2281, 2282, 2291, 2329, 2357, 2375, 2444, 2451, 2452, 2453, 2454, 2456, 2457, 2460, 2462, 2464, 2465, 2467, 2468, 2469, 2470, 2473, 2474, 2481, 2485, 2487, 2510, 2516, 2519, 2525, 2540, 2545, 2547, 2553, 2571, 2579, 2580, 2587, 2589, 2597, 2602, 2611, 2629, 2660, 2662, 2700, 2756, 2825, 2833, 2835, 2858, 2958, 2963, 2964, 3009, 3090, 3117, 3118, 3120, 3121, 3122, 3123, 3126, 3127, 3129, 3130, 3133, 3135, 3137, 3138, 3139, 3141, 3142, 3145, 3146, 3147, 3151, 3152, 3155, 3193, 3201, 3204, 3219, 3221, 3222, 3223, 3224, 3225, 3226, 3227, 3228, 3229, 3231, 3232, 3233, 3234, 3235, 3237, 3239, 3246, 3250, 3253, 3259, 3261, 3291, 3315, 3328, 3377, 3381, 3383, 3384, 3385, 3387, 3388, 3389, 3390, 3396, 3436, 3463, 3465, 3467, 3470, 3471, 3484, 3507, 3515, 3554, 3572, 3641, 3672, 3683, 3689, 3690, 3692, 3693, 3694, 3697, 3698, 3705, 3711, 3713, 3715, 3716, 3717, 3719, 3720, 3722, 3726, 3727, 3732, 3737, 3763, 3767, 3770, 3771, 3772, 3773, 3803, 3810, 3812, 3816, 3846, 3847, 3848, 3851, 3874, 3882, 3902, 3903, 3906, 3908, 3916, 3924, 3967, 3987, 4006, 4030, 4043, 4045, 4047, 4058, 4067, 4107, 4108, 4114, 4115, 4131, 4132, 4133, 4137, 4138, 4139, 4140, 4141, 4142, 4146, 4150, 4151, 4152, 4153, 4157, 4158, 4160, 4163, 4166, 4167, 4171, 4179, 4183, 4221, 4225, 4242, 4257, 4435, 4437, 4438, 4443, 4446, 4449, 4450, 4451, 4452, 4454, 4460, 4550, 4557, 4618, 4731, 4775, 4804, 4972, 5025, 5026, 5039, 5042, 5294, 5578, 5580, 5599, 5602, 5649, 5726, 5779, 5783, 5931, 5934, 5936, 5939, 5940, 5941, 5978, 6044, 6056, 6113, 6116, 6118, 6122, 6123, 6125, 6127, 6128, 6129, 6130, 6131, 6135, 6141, 6145, 6147, 6150, 6152, 6153, 6154, 6160, 6166, 6169);

The column RHD_No is the primary key for this database, and there are about 400,000 rows total. The problem is, the query is extremely slow, it's often around 2 seconds, but I've seen it get as long as 10.

When I try to explain the query, everything seems like it should be fine:

+----+-------------+-------------+-------+---------------+---------+---------+------+------+-------------+
| id | select_type | table       | type  | possible_keys | key     | key_len | ref  | rows | Extra       |
+----+-------------+-------------+-------+---------------+---------+---------+------+------+-------------+
|  1 | SIMPLE      | Recipe_Data | range | PRIMARY       | PRIMARY | 4       | NULL |  420 | Using where |
+----+-------------+-------------+-------+---------------+---------+---------+------+------+-------------+

When I profile the query I get:

mysql> show profile;
+--------------------------------+----------+
| Status                         | Duration |
+--------------------------------+----------+
| starting                       | 0.000015 |
| checking query cache for query | 0.000266 |
| Opening tables                 | 0.000009 |
| System lock                    | 0.000004 |
| Table lock                     | 0.000006 |
| init                           | 0.000115 |
| optimizing                     | 0.000038 |
| statistics                     | 0.000797 |
| preparing                      | 0.000047 |
| executing                      | 0.000002 |
| Sending data                   | 2.675270 |
| end                            | 0.000007 |
| query end                      | 0.000003 |
| freeing items                  | 0.000071 |
| logging slow query             | 0.000002 |
| logging slow query             | 0.000058 |
| cleaning up                    | 0.000005 |
+--------------------------------+----------+

I've been working on this problem for a long time and I haven't been able to find a solution. Is there anything overtly wrong with this query? I don't see how looking at 420 rows should take 2+ seconds.

 Answers

3

You are accessing 420 rows by primary key which will probably lead to an index access path. This could access 2 index pages and one data page per key. If these are in cache, the query should run fast. If not, every page access that goes to disk will incur the usual disk latency. If we assume 5ms disk latency and 80% cache hits, we arrive at 420*3*0.2*5ms=1.2 seconds which is on the order of what you're seeing.

Tuesday, November 29, 2022
1

Why not use MySQL's datetime field and the vast array of functions that make date-related queries a snap?

Monday, August 1, 2022
5

1st problem But actually it seems that mysqli->query will not execute 2 statements at once. Isn't it?

That's right, if you want to execute multiple statements you need to use mysqli->multi_query. You can find a good explanation about multiple statements here: http://www.php.net/manual/en/mysqli.quickstart.multiple-statement.php

But this problem arise and I'm missing the trick to get rid of it

The problem arises because you are using multiple statements, and mysqli->query does not support them.

About your queries:

$result = $mysqli->query("SELECT  * from myTable where field='".$_GET['var']."');

You can inject this using for example 1' OR 1=1; that would return all entries of myTable on the query result.

"SELECT * from myTable where field='".$_GET['var']."' AND field2 IS NOT NULL"

Here you could use 1' OR 1=1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM myTable WHERE '1'='1

Nowadays there are tools that can automatically check SQL injection for you, take a look at SQL Inject Me (Firefox Addon) for example.

Wednesday, December 14, 2022
 
2

PHP is attempting to open a connection to localhost. Because your computer is connected to your network via IPv6 it's trying the IPv6 version of 'localhost' first, which is which is an IP address of ::1

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPv6_address#Special_addresses

::1/128 — The loopback address is a unicast localhost address. If an application in a host sends packets to this address, the IPv6 stack will loop these packets back on the same virtual interface (corresponding to 127.0.0.0/8 in IPv4).

It looks like your MySQL server isn't listening to that address, instead it's only bound to an IPv4 address and so once PHP fails to open the connection it falls back and tries to open localhost via IPv4 aka 127.0.0.1

I personally prefer to use either IP addresses or use ether the Windows hosts file or Mac equivalent to define 'fake' domain names and then use those when connecting to MySQL, which resolve to IP addresses. Either way I can know exactly whether an IPv4 or IPv6 address will be used.

Both MySQL and Apache support IPv6 but you have to tell them to use an IPv6 address explicitly. For MySQL see: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/ipv6-server-config.html

For Apache config see: http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/bind.html

Apache supports multiple IP addresses so you can use both at once - if the network card in the machine has both an IPv4 and IPv6 address. MySQL only supports one address.

Monday, September 12, 2022
2
SELECT  a.*, c.*
FROM    jobs a
        INNER JOIN
        (
            SELECT jobID, MAX(time) maxVal
            FROM purchaseOrders
            GROUP BY jobID
        ) b ON a.jobID = b.jobID
        INNER JOIN purchaseOrders c
            ON c.jobID = b.JobID AND
                c.time = b.maxVal
  • SQLFiddle Demo
Saturday, October 8, 2022
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