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I've always done this: if ($foo !== $bar)

But I realized that if ($foo != $bar) is correct too.

Double = still works and has always worked for me, but whenever I search PHP operators I find no information on double =, so I assume I've always have done this wrong, but it works anyway. Should I change all my !== to != just for the sake of it?



== and != do not take into account the data type of the variables you compare. So these would all return true:

'0'   == 0
false == 0
NULL  == false

=== and !== do take into account the data type. That means comparing a string to a boolean will never be true because they're of different types for example. These will all return false:

'0'   === 0
false === 0
NULL  === false

You should compare data types for functions that return values that could possibly be of ambiguous truthy/falsy value. A well-known example is strpos():

// This returns 0 because F exists as the first character, but as my above example,
// 0 could mean false, so using == or != would return an incorrect result
var_dump(strpos('Foo', 'F') != false);  // bool(false)
var_dump(strpos('Foo', 'F') !== false); // bool(true), it exists so false isn't returned
Sunday, July 31, 2022

You could make functions that wrap the operators, or for simplicity just use the bc extension:

$operator = '+';
$operators = array(
  '+' => 'bcadd',
  '-' => 'bcsub',
  '*' => 'bcmul',
  '/' => 'bcdiv'

foreach($resultSet as $item){
    $result = call_user_func($operators[$operator], $item[$this->orderField], 1);
    echo $result;
Wednesday, December 7, 2022

Yes. They are the same. They all generate the RFC compliant Base64 strings.

Sunday, October 30, 2022

There is no "better" but the more common one is ||. They have different precedence and || would work like one would expect normally.

See also: Logical operators (the following example is taken from there):

// The result of the expression (false || true) is assigned to $e
// Acts like: ($e = (false || true))
$e = false || true;

// The constant false is assigned to $f and then true is ignored
// Acts like: (($f = false) or true)
$f = false or true;
Friday, November 11, 2022

In the main Zend implementation there is not any difference. You can get it from the Flex description of the PHP language scanner:

<ST_IN_SCRIPTING>"!="|"<>" {
    return T_IS_NOT_EQUAL;

Where T_IS_NOT_EQUAL is the generated token. So the Bison parser does not distinguish between <> and != tokens and treats them equally:

Sunday, October 16, 2022
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