Asked  2 Years ago    Answers:  5   Viewed   115 times

i have this function to return the full directory tree:

function getDirectory( $path = '.', $level = 0 ){

$ignore = array( 'cgi-bin', '.', '..' );
// Directories to ignore when listing output. Many hosts
// will deny PHP access to the cgi-bin.

$dh = @opendir( $path );
// Open the directory to the handle $dh

while( false !== ( $file = readdir( $dh ) ) ){
// Loop through the directory

    if( !in_array( $file, $ignore ) ){
    // Check that this file is not to be ignored

        $spaces = str_repeat( ' ', ( $level * 4 ) );
        // Just to add spacing to the list, to better
        // show the directory tree.

        if( is_dir( "$path/$file" ) ){
        // Its a directory, so we need to keep reading down...

            echo "<strong>$spaces $file</strong><br />";
            getDirectory( "$path/$file", ($level+1) );
            // Re-call this same function but on a new directory.
            // this is what makes function recursive.

        } else {

            echo "$spaces $file<br />";
            // Just print out the filename




closedir( $dh );
// Close the directory handle


but what i want to do is to search for a file/folder and return it's path, how can i do that? do you have such a function or can you give me some tips on how to do this?



Try to use RecursiveIteratorIterator in combination with RecursiveDirectoryIterator

$path = realpath('/path/you/want/to/search/in');

$objects = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(
               new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($path), 

foreach($objects as $name => $object){
    if($object->getFilename() === 'work.txt') {
        echo $object->getPathname();

Additional reading:

Tuesday, October 18, 2022

Assuming your root is http://localhost then the above link should always resolve to http://localhost/ProjectName/helpers/login.php whether it's called from http://localhost/ProjectName/index.php or http://localhost/ProjectName/subdir/index.php

If you don't want to hardcode "ProjectName" into many different scripts, you can use a global variable and define it in a config file:


$ProjectName = "ProjectName";

Then in your scripts, include the config file and use the variable you defined:


include $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] . '/helpers/ConfigOptions.php';


echo "
  <form action='/$ProjectName/helpers/login.php'>


DOCUMENT_ROOT is defined in the server configuration file and is the root on the filesystem of where scripts are executing, not the web address you would type in a browser. In the above example, I'm assuming that document root looks something like /home/user/www/ProjectName. If DOCUMENT_ROOT is only /home/user/www then you can change your include path to this:

include $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'] . '/ProjectName/helpers/ConfigOptions.php';

or use a relative path. My vote would be on the latter since you wouldn't need to hardcode "ProjectName".

So include() and require() would take either:

  1. An absolute path to the file
  2. A path that's relative to the current executing script. If A includes B and B includes C, when B includes C it needs to provide a path that is relative to A.

So when do you need to use DOCUMENT_ROOT? Usually with templates where a relative path like ../helpers/file.php can resolve to different absolute paths depending on what's including the file. In the above example where index.php is including ConfigOptions.php, you probably don't need to use DOCUMENT_ROOT since index.php is not a template. I used it anyway to be safe, but maybe I opened up a whole can of worms here. I hope I didn't confuse you even more.

Saturday, December 3, 2022

You just need to configure your PhpStorm project correctly by specifying the include paths PhpStorm should use to resolve references.

Go to File -> Settings -> PHP.

There you should add the project root directory (the one where your index.php resides) to the list of include paths.

When this is done PhpStorm should resolve the path in require_once('private/module2.php').

Additionally you could add the private directory to the list of include paths PHP uses via set_include_path() somewhere in you index.php. Then you could just call require_once('module2.php') from your module1.php.

Again, you would have to add the private directory to the list of include paths PhpStorm uses to enable it resolve this reference.

Friday, November 11, 2022

A recursive solution could look something like:

function createMenuHTML($dir){
    $html = "";
        //Directory - add sub menu
        $html .= "<li><a href='#'>Sub Menu Name</a><ul>";
        if ($dh = opendir($dir)) {
            while (($file = readdir($dh)) !== false) {
                $html .= createMenuHTML($dir.$file);
        $html .= "</ul>"
        //File so  just add list item
        $html .= "<li><a href='#'>".basename($dir)."</a></li>"
    return $html;

This is entirely untested but should hopefully help.

Saturday, December 24, 2022

Erm... in fact a modern implementation will likely use the

  • ftw
  • nftw calls

ftw is short for file tree walk

See also a very useful resource:

Wednesday, September 21, 2022
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