I am using PHPMailer on PHP 5.6, the increased security around certificated in PHP 5.6 is certainly fun.
I am trying to send a test message to a domain hosted on dreamhost, the error that comes back from PHPMailer is: Could not connect to SMTP host.
That error is not right though, I have logging enabled and here is what is actually going on.
Connection: opening to mx1.sub4.homie.mail.dreamhost.com:25, timeout=30, options=array ( ) Connection: opened S: 220 homiemail-mx32.g.dreamhost.com ESMTP
C: EHLO s81a.ikbb.com
S: 250-homiemail-mx32.g.dreamhost.com 250-PIPELINING 250-SIZE 40960000 250-ETRN 250-STARTTLS 250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES 250 8BITMIME
S: 220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
S: SMTP ERROR: QUIT command failed: Connection: closed
I could not understand why PHPMailer just gives up, issuing a QUIT command when it should start sending the message. I got another clue from another log:
PHP Warning: stream_socket_enable_crypto(): Peer certificate CN=
*.mail.dreamhost.com' did not match expected CN=mx1.sub4.homie.mail.dreamhost.com' in /home/ikbb/domains/dev.ikbb.com/public_html/includes/phpmailer/5.2.10/class.smtp.php
If I use some custom options to prevent validation of the cert they are using I can get it to continue. Here is what I have:
$mail->SMTPOptions = array ( 'ssl' => array( 'verify_peer' => false, 'verify_peer_name' => false, 'allow_self_signed' => true));
If I put the SMTPOptions in there and skip the peer verification, message goes OK - with no warning in PHP at all.
How can I trap that error, so I know there is an issue but still send the message?
I had the same problem and I found the answer in the PHPMailer documentation.
PHP 5.6 certificate verification failure
In a change from earlier versions, PHP 5.6 verifies certificates on SSL connections. If the SSL config of the server you are connecting to is not correct, you will get an error like this:
The correct fix for this is to replace the invalid, misconfigured or self-signed certificate with a good one. Failing that, you can allow insecure connections via the SMTPOptions property introduced in PHPMailer 5.2.10 (it's possible to do this by subclassing the SMTP class in earlier versions), though this is not recommended:
You can also change these settings globally in your php.ini, but that's a really bad idea; PHP 5.6 made this change for very good reasons.
Sometimes this behaviour is not quite so apparent; sometimes encryption failures may appear as the client issuing a QUIT immediately after trying to do a STARTTLS. If you see that happen, you should check the state of your certificates or verification settings.