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Interfaces allow you to create code which defines the methods of classes that implement it. You cannot however add any code to those methods.

Abstract classes allow you to do the same thing, along with adding code to the method.

Now if you can achieve the same goal with abstract classes, why do we even need the concept of interfaces?

I've been told that it has to do with OO theory from C++ to Java, which is what PHP's OO stuff is based on. Is the concept useful in Java but not in PHP? Is it just a way to keep from having placeholders littered in the abstract class? Am I missing something?



The entire point of interfaces is to give you the flexibility to have your class be forced to implement multiple interfaces, but still not allow multiple inheritance. The issues with inheriting from multiple classes are many and varied and the wikipedia page on it sums them up pretty well.

Interfaces are a compromise. Most of the problems with multiple inheritance don't apply to abstract base classes, so most modern languages these days disable multiple inheritance yet call abstract base classes interfaces and allows a class to "implement" as many of those as they want.

Thursday, December 8, 2022

Yes, it is possible, pretty much as you wrote. Example of such interface: and example of such parameter:

Sunday, August 21, 2022

open_basedir limits all I/O operations in userspace PHP to a certain configurable subset of the filesystem, in particular to a number of directories and their subdirectories,

Its objective is mainly to avoid accidental modifications to parts of the filesystem. It can also be used to mitigate the effect of vulnerable PHP scripts on the filesystems. However, I wouldn't rely too on it from a security perspective – almost all versions of PHP come with open_basedir bypass bugs fixed (the problem being it must be manually enforced in a number of places in PHP's source code).

Friday, October 7, 2022

That is not HTML, but PHP. It is called the HEREDOC string method, and is an alternative to using quotes for writing multiline strings.

The HTML in your example will be:


Read the PHP documentation that explains it.

Saturday, August 6, 2022

Never used any of those, but they look interesting..

Take a look at Gearman as well.. more overhead in systems like these but you get other cool stuff :) Guess it depends on your needs ..

Friday, November 11, 2022
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